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The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Finance

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The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Finance


Today, artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, and robotics have gone beyond the imagination and have embodied previously unthinkable business possibilities, making them a worthwhile investment. Accounting, fraud detection, consumer credit rating, resource planning, and reporting are already trusted in the financial industry. However, the arrival of technology brings with it new obstacles and threats.


Profitable Automation


Algorithms in charge of data cybersecurity identify fraud before it occurs and may swiftly verify the transactions of the bank’s whole portfolio. If a person takes out a loan, AI will be able to assess him or her as a possible borrower faster and more precisely than a human specialist, taking into account more characteristics.


The automation of normal procedures helps you to safeguard the organisation from errors caused by staff irresponsibility. Corporations’ expenses can be lower with robots’ functions. As a result, banks use robotic collectors that phone clients with minor debts. According to projections, if you trust AI with 30 tasks, you may save up to 85 million rubles.


Financial institutions employ AI to construct chatbots that answer the most basic and typical inquiries from clients. The bot can even swiftly create an investment portfolio based on a specific client’s tastes and interests, as well as provide complete spending reporting and bill reminders.

Another significant area in banking, where AI is essential, is compliance with regulatory norms. It monitors changes in the law and assists with compliance, ranging from “know your client” standards and the battle against money laundering to asset management legislation.


Why Should a Machine be trained?


Machine Learning (MO) is an artificial intelligence-based technique. It is based on a mathematical model that recognises patterns in data arrays and forecasts how the scenario will unfold.


In practice, how does MO work? Over time, the blacklist of counterparties—entities with a high risk of default—grows in all companies. Those that postpone payments or are registered in dangerous areas are first affected.


The filter grows more complicated with time, and machine learning will assist in identifying previously implicit patterns linked with macroeconomic indicators, credit ratings, data from third-party auditors, and how the organisation is discussed on the Internet. Technology will perform a better job than a person who may just be unable to deal with such a large amount of information.


Innovation Obstacles


However, AI’s functions are not without challenges. The most serious issue is a shortage of qualified employees. According to the survey, 30% of the financial world had only heard of AI but had no idea how it worked. And today, the entire sector faces a critical task: increasing technical literacy. The second major issue is a lack of work-related data. The greater the starting data set, the greater the accuracy of AI predictions: a tiny sample has a 20% chance of making a mistake, whereas a huge array has a 2% chance of error.


The incorporation of AI into the work of bankers is hampered by various additional obstacles, including the expense of operation, the absence of obvious advantages from the employment of civil defence, regulatory restrictions, and ethical issues.


New Technologies Bring New Dangers.


When adopting new tools, the firm faces dangers that it has never seen before in its practice. They can have financial and reputational consequences. This brings up the legal issue of responsibility in the case of an error: who will be held accountable: a financial expert or an AI developer?


Consider the following scenario: An algorithm that has been trained may not always be able to prevent bias. Thus, according to a historical sample, women have been less likely to authorise loans in recent decades. Furthermore, based on the data provided, the computer will decide that women are untrustworthy borrowers and will reject even creditworthy ones. Regulators who identify gender discrimination in these judgments may file allegations against the bank.


AI and machine learning will help to scale financial systems. This is significant considering the predicted growth in financial transactions through 2025. This much knowledge is too much for one person to manage. However, this does not imply that artificial intelligence would drive living specialists out of the banking business. If the algorithms are doing regular tasks, the employee will always have complete control and a live connection with consumers.




In general, AI is a useful tool in finance for avoiding difficult situations and organising topics that would otherwise require a lot of human work. It is nearly impossible for a robot to make an error when performing duties. However, while the use of artificial intelligence in banking is expanding, it may also cause other issues.


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